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Boundary lines

Boundary lines

Granma borders Las Tunas and Holguín provinces to the north. It bordered on the south by Santiago de Cuba Province and the Caribbean Sea.

Our province borders Holguín and Santiago de Cuba to the east. It is bounded on the west by the Gulf of Guacanayabo.

Due to its extension, Granma is the sixth largest province of the island, established after the political-administrative division of 1976. It is divided into 13 municipalities: Bartolomé Masó, Buey Arriba, Campechuela, Cauto Cristo, Guisa, Jiguaní, Manzanillo, Media Luna, Niquero, Pilón, Río Cauto, Yara and Bayamo, provincial capital.

Longest river

Longest river

Longest river: Cauto

Length: 343 Km / Area: 8,969 Km² / Using: 83 m3 / s /

Tributaries: 32/

Its hydrography consists of the Cauto, Limones, Gua, Yara and Hicotea rivers and the Cauto del Paso, Paso Malo, Pedregales and Buey reservoirs; its main lagoons are Birama, Carenas, Las Playas, among others. The predominant soils are hydromorphic, vertisols, humic calcimorphic on the plains and browns on the heights.

Highest point

Highest point

Highest point: La Bayamesa Peak on Sierra Maestra, with 1 756 meters above sea level.

Physical geography

Physical geography

Physical Geography: The Cauto plain predominates and the Sierra Maestra mountain range.

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Monument

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Monument

History: The province takes its name from the Granma yacht, in which the expeditionaries arrived to the lands of the province.                  

In the territory the Cacique Hatuey carried out the gesture of historical rebellion that registered, before no other else, the history of Cuban struggles against oppression.

Birthplace of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Father of all Cubans, who launched the independence call in La Demajagua and started the war in Yara, which would end after 30 years of heroism and sacrifice. The Bayamo Anthem was composed and sung for the first time here. This march became the Cuban National Anthem.

Dos Rios Monument

Dos Rios Monument

Historical sites: The 48% of Cuban historical sites are located in this territory and its own capital, Bayamo, was declared National Monument City and Cradle of Cuban Nationality. San Salvador de Bayamo was the second village founded by the Spanish colonizers in 1513; It held the privilege of being declared capital of the Republic in Arms only ten days after the beginning of the Cuban independence struggle in La Demajagua on October 10th, 1868.  The fields of Granma were witnessed of many great victories of the ¨Mambi¨, Cuban Liberation Army, such as Peralejo, and also unfortunate episodes as the fall in combat of the Hero José Martí in Dos Ríos.

 

Ñico López Museum Park

Ñico López Museum Park

History: Bayamo was the stage of the armed action on July 26th, 1953. In the cities, towns and plains of Granma Celia Sánchez and hundreds of other combatants carried out the clandestine struggle. In its mountains the battles that decided the outcome of the war took place: Jigüe, Santo Domingo, Las Mercedes, Guisa ... And under the undefeated guerrilla column led by Fidel went down on its unstoppable way to Santiago de Cuba and the victory.

Typical butterfly of the Sierra Maestra

Typical butterfly of the Sierra Maestra

Fauna: Among the species of endemic animals that can be found in the regions of the Sierra Maestra mountains are the scorpions, several species of butterflies, birds such as the carpintero verde (green woodpecker), the ruiseñor, (nightingale), the Sijú cotunto, the sinsontillo, the pajaro mosca; and others such as the almiquí, murcielago de la  jata, (bat de la jata) el lagarto de hojarasca (only in the region of Cabo Cruz) and the catey.

Begonia cowelli an endemic species of the province

Begonia cowelli an endemic species of the province

Flora: Granma has a rich wild flora and typical species of the territory such as Begonia cowelli, endemic of the province. The rare plant is considered a jewel of Cuban flora and it is included as one of the 50 most threatened specimen of the country´s vegetation.

Desembarco del Granma (Landing of the Granma Yacht) National Park

Desembarco del Granma (Landing of the Granma Yacht) National Park

Sites of interest: Two national parks: the Desembarco del Granma and the Sierra Maestra converge in the limits of this province. The first of these covers 27 545 hectares and its main attraction is the best-preserved system of kartisc marine terraces in Cuba and recognized by UNESCO as one of the most representative at  international level.

Landing of the Granma Yacht, Desembarco del Granma National Park.

Landing of the Granma Yacht, Desembarco del Granma National Park.

Sites of interest: Eight trails and speleological, natural and historical routes have been traced in areas of this national park, including the one that covers the 22 kilometers between the mangrove swamp of Las Coloradas and the reedbeds of Alegría del Pío, indicating the route of the expeditionaries of the Granma yacht that led by Fidel Castro, landed in that zone on December 2nd, 1956.

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